The name Mysore is an anglicized version of Mahishūru, which means the abode of Mahisha in the local Kannada language. Though in Sanskrit Mahisha means buffalo, here Mahisha refers to Mahishasura, a mythological demon who could assume the form of both human and buffalo. According to Hindu mythology, the area was ruled by the demon Mahishasura. The demon was killed by the Goddess Chamundeshwari, whose temple is situated atop the Chamundi Hills. Mahishūru later became Mahisūru (a name which, even now, the royal family uses) and finally came to be called Maisūru, its present name in the Kannada language.
In December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced its intention to change the English name of the city to Mysuru. This was approved by the Government of India, but as of 2011 the formalities necessary to incorporate the name change were yet to be completed. The central government approved this request in October 2014 and Mysore was renamed (along with other 12 cities) to “Mysuru” on November 1, 2014.
Mysore is located at 12.30°N 74.65°E and has an average altitude of 770 meters (2,526 ft). It is spread across an area of 128.42 km2 (50 sq mi) at the base of the Chamundi Hills in the southern region of Karnataka. Mysore is the southern-most city of Karnataka, and is a neighboring city of the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south, flanked by the state cities Mercara, Chamarajanagara, and Mandya. People in and around Mysore extensively use Kannada as medium of language. Mysore has several lakes, such as the Kukkarahalli, the Karanji, and the Lingambudhi lakes. In 2001, total land area usage in Mysore city was 39.9% residential, 16.1% roads, 13.74% parks and open spaces, 13.48% industrial, 8.96% public property, 3.02% commercial, 2.27% agriculture and 2.02 water. The city is located between two rivers: the Kaveri River that flows through the north of the city and the Kabini River, a tributary of the Kaveri, that lies to the south.
Mysore has a tropical savanna climate designated under the Köppen climate classification. The main seasons are summer from March to June, the monsoon season from July to November and winter from December to February. The highest temperature recorded in Mysore was 39.4 °C (103 °F) on 4 April 1914, and the lowest was 7.7 °C (46 °F) on 16 January 2012. The city’s average annual rainfall is 804.2 mm (31.7 in).
Mysore – A Tourist spot
Mysore City is among one of the most captivating holiday destinations of Southern India, located 145 km from the capital Bengaluru, its sophisticated culture and heritage echoes insular for tourist and its attractions. From the breathtaking palaces and religious temples, to the mystical gardens, glorious festivals and vibrant handmade crafts, Mysore will capture the hearts and minds of travelers from the moment they arrive.
Mysore is commonly referred to as the ‘City of Palaces‘, the ‘Garden City‘, the ‘Ivory City‘, the ‘City of Yoga’ name as Mysore City and was home to the famous Wodeyar Dynasty (an Indian Royal family) who once ruled the Mysore Kingdom. Throughout the Wodeyar dynasty, arts and crafts attained their peak and the Wodeyars were avid lovers of both.
Arts and crafts remain embedded in the culture and today the city is well known as the ‘cultural capital of Karnataka’. Visitors to Mysore are immersed in the beauty of its art and culture, which undoubtedly contributes to the rich heritage of the city.
Mysore: Modern And Day City
Mysore has progressed into a modern day city, but has maintained its relaxed pace and indescribable, yet peaceful vibe. The history of the region is, undeniably, reflected in the city’s architectural structures and is also seen in the culture of the Mysore people. From the food they eat to their religious beliefs, historical traditions are ingrained in their lifestyle.
Travelers to Mysore are captivated by the elegance of the city, through the wide variety of historical attractions. The most renowned are, unquestionably, Mysore Palace,Mysore City ,Mysore Zoo, Chamundeshwari Temple on top of Chamundi Hills, St.Philomenas Church and Brindavan Gardens. Click here to know more about these places.
The tranquility of this magical city is enhanced by its natural beauty which will surly captivate and inspire all that visit this magical city.